Population : 24.5 million (2012)
Ethnic group: Predominantly Arabs, minor Afro-Arabs, South Asians, and Europeans.
Religions: Islam including Shaf’i (Sunni) and Zaydi (Shi’a), small numbers of Jews, Christians, and Hindus.
Literacy: about 50% overall, including 30% of females.
Natural resources: Oil, natural gas, fish and seafood, rock salt, minor deposits of coal and copper.
Agriculture products: Coffee, cotton, fruits, vegetables, cereals, livestock and poultry; Qat (a shrub containing a natural amphetamine).
Industries: Crude oil production and petroleum refining; small-scale production of cotton textiles and leather goods; food processing; handicrafts; small aluminum products factory; cement; commercial ship repair.
Currency: Yemeni Rial (YER)